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Is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) really harmful to health?

Marijuana has accompanied humans in one way or another for thousands of years. But after all this time, there is still much public debate about what exactly the risks and benefits of this plant are. One of the main components of marijuana is THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol. This is the component that has psychoactive effects on the consumer.

A recent review of research by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine attempts to fill in the gaps in our knowledge. Combing through more than 10,000 studies published since 1999, the review, conducted by more than a dozen experts, provides the clearest look at the scientific evidence on marijuana to date.

Research reveals both significant benefits and major drawbacks of cannabis. It shows promise for patients with chronic pain, multiple sclerosis and cancer. This research, like many other studies of marijuana, has emphasised the dangerousness of THC.

The research also shows that the drug is a good choice for patients with chronic pain, multiple sclerosis and cancer.

What do the studies say about the dangerousness of marijuana?

When studies were conducted, researchers came up with results. These results are not just for marijuana; they are for cannabinoids, chemical compounds commonly found in cannabis. It's possible that ultimately some of the benefits in particular are separate from the marijuana leaf itself. Although many drug experts believe that there is a "entourage effect" with marijuana in which all of its cannabinoids and chemicals work together to make its effects as potent as possible.

Is marijuana really a drug?

Marijuana is often described as one of the safest drugs, partly because it has never been definitively linked to an overdose death. It is far less dangerous than other drugs such as alcohol, tobacco, cocaine and heroin. And while the National Academies report finds no evidence of a marijuana overdose death, it does add a few wrinkles to the narrative of marijuana as a safe drug.

For one thing, the report is not the same as the one on which it is based.

On the one hand, the report finds "substantial evidence" of marijuana's negative effects for a few conditions. For long-term marijuana smokers, there is a risk of worsening respiratory symptoms and more frequent episodes of chronic bronchitis. For pregnant women who smoke cannabis, there is a risk of low birth weight for the baby. For marijuana users in general, there is a higher risk of developing schizophrenia and other psychoses. And there is a link between marijuana use and an increased risk of car accidents.

The report also found that marijuana use is associated with an increased risk of motor vehicle accidents.

The report also found "limited evidence" of links between marijuana use and several other negative outcomes. These include an increased risk of testicular cancer, heart attack onset, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pregnancy complications. And it found "moderate" to "limited" evidence that marijuana use could worsen symptoms or risk of certain mental health problems.

Marijuana may also worsen symptoms of depressive disorders, bipolar disorder, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in heavy users, and anxiety disorders, particularly social anxiety disorder in regular users.

thc health effects

Effects of THC on the human body

If you vape or smoke weed, the THC could enter your bloodstream fast enough to get you high within seconds or minutes. THC levels usually peak in about 30 minutes and its effects can wear off in 1 to 3 hours.

If you drink it, you'll get high in a few seconds.

If you drink or eat cannabis, it can take several hours for you to feel the effects. You may not always know how powerful your recreational marijuana is. This is also true for most medical marijuana.

THC can affect your mental health

Not everyone's experience with cannabis is pleasant. It can often make you feel anxious, scared, panicked, or paranoid. Marijuana use can increase your risk of clinical depression or worsen symptoms of any mental disorder you already have. Scientists don't yet know exactly why. In large doses, it can make you paranoid or lose touch with reality, so you hear or see things that aren't there.

Your judgment may be impaired

Marijuana can cloud your senses and judgment. Effects may vary depending on factors such as the potency of your pot, how you've used it, and how much marijuana you've used in the past. It can have the following effect:

  • Awaken your senses (colors may seem brighter and sounds may seem louder)
  • Distorting your sense of time
  • Damage your motor skills and make driving more dangerous

THC can make you addicted to marijuana

According to many studies, about 1 in 10 people who use marijuana will become addicted. This means you can't stop using it even if it harms your relationships, work, health or finances. The risk is greater the younger you start using marijuana and the more you use it. For example, the chances of addiction are 1 in 6 if you use pot as a teenager. It could be as high as 1 in 2 among those who use it every day.

You could also become physically dependent on marijuana. Your body could go into withdrawal, leaving you irritable, agitated, unable to sleep and indifferent to eating when you're not using it. Learn more about how to spot the signs of marijuana addiction.

thc effects on health

Cannabis, THC, CBD - what are the differences?

The cannabis plant belongs to the hemp family. It contains psychoactive substances, usually grouped under the term cannabis. Each plant contains about 750 chemical substances. More than 100 of these are so-called cannabinoids, but very few of them have a psychoactive effect. The active ingredient tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC, has the greatest effect on humans. One of the most common cannabinoids in plants is cannabidiol (CBD).

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are similar in structure. In nature, they are found not only in cannabis plants, but also in our bodies endocannabinoids. They act as neurotransmitters and are formed in the brain, for example. But there are also synthetic cannabinoids produced in the laboratory. These are very similar to the plant-based and endogenous active ingredients.

The number of different cannabinoids contained in a plant depends on the respective species and breeding. Some species, such as Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica, contain more psychoactive compounds than, for example, Cannabis Ruderalis plants. There are also female and male forms of the hemp plant. Only female cannabis plants contain enough THC to induce a high in a human.

Over the past few decades, the THC content of cannabis plants has increased considerably. Plants are bred to contain much more THC while reducing the percentage of CBD. Nevertheless, it is still possible to turn to 100% CBD cannabis that is safe for your health!

CBD flowers that we recommend for relaxation
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