What is the difference between broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD?

What is the difference between broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD?

The most talked about product in the CBD field is still definitely CBD oil. Indeed, thanks to its popularization, CBD oil has become in a few years the flagship product that represents the CBD molecule on its own, although many other CBD-derived products exist (CBD flowers, CBD Isolate, CBD e-liquids...).

CBD oil appears to be a single, simple product, yet there are a multitude of kinds and more importantly, a variety of ranges. After explaining the difference between full spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate, here we will look at what the differences are between full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD. If you want to learn more about CBD oil, you're on the right page.

In short, broad spectrum CBD oil does not contain THC molecules, the one that makes cannabis psychoactive, while full spectrum CBD oil does. This sets them apart and affects the surrounding effect of the product.

Let's look in detail at what makes up these products, their respective benefits, and most importantly, which one will work best for you. But first, let's understand the manufacturing method and the surrounding effect produced by CBD.

The manufacture and composition of CBD oils

To begin with, we need to understand what CBD concentrates are, because indeed, oils are nothing more or less than concentrates, just like all other CBD products. CBD concentrates are CBD extracts containing a very high concentration of cannabidiol. Concentrates come in many forms: CBD flower, CBD crystals, CBD isolate, CBD extract, CBD wax...

So-called "classic" concentrated products contain between 5% and 30% CBD, while high-potency CBD products contain between 45% and 99.9% CBD. The idea is that these products give a high dosage of CBD via a smaller dose and in a shorter period of time. It is also important to know that all CBD extracts are concentrates, but not all concentrates are extracts. Be sure to check what you are buying.

CBD oil is an extract

CBD oil is created without the use of solvents or heat during the extraction process. In fact, CBD oil is made via a CO2 extraction process. Because most of the original plant remains intact during and after the process, the product contains the full spectrum of the plant's cannabinoids, including CBD. In addition to all the cannabinoids, the product also contains terpenes.

Terpenes are more than just flavors

Terpenes are volatile molecules responsible for the unique flavor profile of each plant, fruit, vegetable and spice. Cannabis contains more than 200 terpenes that, like cannabinoids, also bind to different receptors in the body to provide therapeutic potentials for health. To learn more about terpenes, read What are terpenes used for in CBD?

What is the entourage effect?

The entourage effect refers to the synergy achieved by the union of all the components of cannabis, cannabinoids, terpenes as well as other compounds for minimal. These components work together to enhance the properties of the plant. Each compound can amplify the therapeutic properties of the others. Some of the additional cannabinoids in full spectrum extracts include CBN, CBC or even CBG. What is the entourage effect?

Full Spectrum CBD

Before CBD oil becomes oil, it must first be extracted from the cannabis plant. One of the most popular extraction methods that has quickly become a leader in the CBD industry is CO2 extraction. 

Full spectrum CBD oil is the result of CO2 extraction. The words "full spectrum" refer to the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other components found in cannabis associated with the entourage effect. Full spectrum CBD oil does not remove any cannabinoids or intoxicating compounds like THC. It extracts the composition of the plant as it is. As you can see, because each plant has a unique composition, each full spectrum CBD oil has a different taste and properties.

In fact, full spectrum CBD oil will most likely have THC in its formula, but below 0.2% for products sold in France according to regulations. It therefore produces no psychoactive effects.

Broad Spectrum CBD

To put it simply, broad spectrum CBD is very similar to full spectrum CBD, except that the THC has been removed. This means you still get all the benefits of the entourage effect, minus the THC. 

After the initial extraction, CBD oil manufacturers remove the THC while keeping the other cannabinoids in the formula. This refining process is essential for making broad spectrum oil. During this step of the process, unwanted cannabinoids are easily handled and can be removed or added to the formula. This is how broad-spectrum CBD oil is born.

So why develop a product like this? Many consumers are not into THC but still want the entourage effect. Manufacturers realized this and developed a product specifically for this consumer community.

Broad Spectrum CBD is a great choice for people who cannot or do not want to use THC and have it in their system, whether for legal, professional or personal reasons.

To Know: Because of the benefits the whole plant provides, full-spectrum CBD products are more expensive than broad-spectrum or CBD isolate. It is also more difficult for manufacturers to maintain consistent ratios when using a full-spectrum extract, which further increases the overall cost of these oils.

Which CBD oil is right for you?

Now that you know more about CBD oils, let's find out which type of oil will suit you best depending on the effects you desire.

First of all, know that there is no right or wrong oil. Each CBD oil has a different function and benefits depending on the situation.

Full spectrum CBD is made for consumers who are not bothered or like to consume a small dose of THC for its contributions in the entourage effect. It will also suit people who have not found the expected therapeutic benefits in CBD isolate, which is a pure CBD product, containing no other cannabinoids. 

Broad Spectrum CBD on the other hand, will be more suitable for people who want the therapeutic benefits of the entourage effect, but without the THC. Often, people who do not wish to have THC in their product, or are simply sensitive to it, turn their backs on spectrum CBD oils in favor of Isolat, not having that the broad spectrum is ideal for them. It's also suitable for first-time users and regular THC testers who don't want to risk testing positive.

Research still has a ways to go to evaluate the effectiveness of each spectrum. But the full spectrum seems to provide benefits that no other product has. Test the various CBD oils high quality on our e-shop 321 CBD and make up your own mind.

Pelin YILDIZ, autrice psycho et voyage
Publié par : Pelin, autrice psychologie, santé et voyage
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